Skyline Blog

About Skyscrapers

Archive for the ‘Skyline’ Category

New York City Skyline – Capital of the Western World & the World’s Most Impressive City

Posted by Jae on March 1, 2009

Midtown Skyline

Midtown Skyline

New York City, center of a 19 million metropolitan area with over 170 languages spoken, is the most diverse mega large city in the world!  It is the only city in the USA in which the majority of the public uses a city’s public mass transportation system.  (Due to this, New Yorkers consume less than half the energy used by a resident of San Francisco and nearly one quarter the energy consumed by a resident of Dallas.  In addition, New York City is one of only four major cities in the United States with drinking water pure enough not to require purification by water treatment plants!)  New York City has the busiest air space in the world -this statement is questionable with my recent findings about London air space- flights are divided by three major international airports including: JFK International, Newark Liberty International, and LaGuardia International, and is home to a larger mass transportation system than all the other systems in the country combine (adding up trains, the 24 hr New York City Subway, taxis, airplanes, boats, and buses.)

New York City is the 2nd largest center for the film industry in the world (behind Los Angeles) and has a collection of more than 2000 cultural organizations and more than 500 art galleries!  It is the home of Carnegie Hall, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Broadway, Times Square,  and Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts- which includes the Metropolitan Opera, the New York City Opera, the New York City Philharmonic, the New York City Ballet, the Vivian Beaumont Theatre, the Julliard School, and Alice Tully Hall which is the largest performing arts center in the United States!  New York City is the global center for the television, advertising, music, newspaper, and book publishing industries and is also the largest media market in the world!

1932 New York City Skyline

New York City is a global hub of international business and is one of the three command centers for the world economy (along with London and Tokyo.)  New York City has the second largest city economy in the world (behind Tokyo), is home to the second most global firms (behind Tokyo) and is the headquarters for 43 Fortune 500 global companies- the most in the world for any single city. Midtown Manhattan is the largest business district in the United States while Lower Manhattan is the third largest in the United States and home to the New York Stock Exchange- the largest stock exchange in the world! Overall, New York City was ranked 1st in the ranking of greatest cities on earth!

Modern New York City

New York City has the most famous skyline in the world, being portrayed in more mass media products than any other. It has one of the densest and most diverse skylines, with a huge collection of buildings and building styles. New York City has an amazing collection of 50 completed skyscrapers that stand over 200 m – the most in the world! New York City also has the greatest heritage in terms of skyscrapers, building the world’s first commercial super-tall (although the first “skyscraper” is given to Chicago.) Four super-tall buildings in New York City (Empire State Building – arguably the most famous skyscraper in the world, Chrysler Building- arguably the most beautiful skyscraper in the world, American International Building, and 40 Wall Street) were all built in the early 1930s! Home of the famous (now destroyed) World Trade Center Twin Towers, the Empire State building, the Statue of Liberty, and the United Nations; New York City is the capital of the western world (arguably the current capital of the world.)

Another View of Modern New York City

The skyscrapers that have been constructed in New York City are mostly concentrated in Midtown and Lower Manhattan, although other neighborhoods of Manhattan and the boroughs of Brooklyn, Queens, and The Bronx also have significant amounts of high-rises. As of June 2008[update], the entire city is the site of 191 skyscrapers that rise at least 152 m in height, with 24 more under construction. By the end of 2008, there were 5,606 completed high-rises in the city (2nd most in the world only behind Hong Kong.) Since 2003, New York City has seen the completion of 12 buildings that rise at least 183 m in height. Fifteen more are under construction, including the 541 m Freedom Tower. Also known as One World Trade Center, it is part of the complex that will replace the destroyed World Trade Center; this complex also includes the proposed 408 m 200 Greenwich Street, the under construction 383 m 175 Greenwich Street, the under construction 297 m 150 Greenwich Street, the proposed 226 m 130 Liberty Street, and the completed 226 m 7 World Trade Center. As of June 2008[update], there are 338 high-rise buildings under construction, approved for construction, and proposed for construction in New York City. New York City’s skyline has the most compact and overwhelming collection of architecture from any point in the city. Because of this, New York City’s skyline is a better view from the inside looking out rather than looking at it from afar. New York City is a proud member of the “Big 4” skylines of the world!

Full New York City Skyline

Full New York City Skyline

Advertisements

Posted in Skyline | 11 Comments »

Atlanta Skyline – the South’s Charm

Posted by Jae on February 25, 2009

Atlanta

Atlanta

Atlanta, the center of a 5.7 million metropolitan area, is the unofficial capital of the Southeastern United States which hosted a summer Olympics in 1996.  (Atlanta is also considered the Los Angeles of the South due to its horrible public transportation system and unfriendlieness to pedestrians.)  Atlanta has the nation’s third largest concentration of Fortune 500 companies (behind New York City and Houston) including: The Coca-Cola Company, AT&T Mobility, Delta Air Lines, Home Depot, and UPS; and is home to the world’s busiest airport (Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport), the world’s largest indoor aquarium (the Georgia Aquarium), and the world’s largest piece of exposed granite (Stone Mountain.)    Atlanta is also the headquarters for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  Overall, Atlanta was ranked as the 37th greatest city in the world!

Atlanta has a reputation as a modern and progressive “southern” city that houses many corporate conglomerates the biggest being the Coca-Cola Company. The skyline is actually three different skylines- Downtown, Midtown, and Buckhead -with 10 skyscrapers over 200 m tall (including the impressive 312 m Bank of America Plaza which is the tallest skyscraper in the Western Hemisphere outside of New York City and Chicago).  The city is the site of 13 completed skyscrapers that are at least 152 m high, with two more under construction. There are 217 completed high-rises in the city. Since 2004, Atlanta has seen the completion of seven buildings over 122 m in height. Eight more are under construction, including 3344 Peachtree, the tallest structure under construction in Atlanta at 203 m. As of May 2008, there are 80 high-rise buildings under construction, approved for construction, or proposed for construction in Atlanta. Atlanta maintains its Southern USA flare, but continues to grow at a good pace.

Atlanta Full Skyline

Atlanta Full Skyline

Posted in Skyline | Leave a Comment »

Shenzhen Skyline (深圳市) – Impressive New Comer

Posted by Jae on February 17, 2009

Shenzhen

Shenzhen

Shenzhen was a tiny fishing village on the northern border of Hong Kong in 1970 but is now a buzzing metropolis of over eight million people! Shenzhen is home to the Shenzhen Stock Exchange (southern mainland China’s major financial center), the third busiest port in China (behind Hong Kong and Shanghai), and one of the few cities of the world that is experiencing an annual double figure percentage increase in its city economy!  Shenzhen is home to China’s most successful high-tech companies such as: Huawei, Tencent, ZTE, Hon Hai Group (which makes the bulk of Apple’s iPods and iPhones), and Wal-Mart China.  Overall, Shenzhen was ranked as the 54th greatest city on earth!

Shenzhen’s vertical growth began in 1979, at a time when the tallest building in the city was five stories tall. In the next decade, 300 high-rises were erected in the city, including the International Foreign Trade Center, the city’s first skyscraper taller than 150 m and also the tallest building in mainland China upon its opening in 1985. In a ten year span between 1996 and 2006, 18 buildings taller than 200 m were completed.

Most of the city’s vertical growth occurred in the Luohu and Futian districts, where most of the city’s skyscrapers are now located. Shenzhen’s skyscraper boom since 1979 is attributed to the city’s status as one of the fastest growing cities in the world. Although the city has only 347 completed high-rise buildings there are 23 buildings over 200 m tall (that’s more than Chicago)! The tallest building in Shenzhen is currently the Shun Hing Square, which stands at 384 m.

The tallest development currently under construction in Shenzhen is the 439 m Kingkey Finance Tower. Other tall projects in the city include the proposed Pingan International Finance Centre, which could become the city’s first building and China’s first building to break the 500 m mark (if it is finished before the Shanghai Tower in Shanghai.) Shenzhen’s highrise building boom shows no signs of slowing down, as shown by numerous proposals for skyscrapers taller than 150 m.  Look out Hong Kong and Shanghai, China’s number 3 is booming!

Posted in Skyline | Leave a Comment »

Seoul Skyline (서울) – the Soul of Asia

Posted by Jae on February 11, 2009

Seoul at night

Seoul at night

Seoul, the center of a 24.5 million metropolitan area, is the second most populous metropolitan area in the world (only behind Tokyo metro.)  The city has hosted the 1988 summer Olympics and the 2002 FIFA World Cup.  As the headquarters for Samsung (the world’s leading electronic company and the world’s largest conglomerate), LG, and Hyundai, Seoul has become a major hub in Asia.  As a major business and financial center, Seoul ranks sixth in the world in terms of the number of Fortune Global 500 international companies headquartered there.

Seoul has a major public mass transportation system with the cleanest and most efficient subway system in the world! Seoul is serviced by two international airports: the smaller Gimpo International Airport and the massive Incheon International Airport which is consistently ranked as one of the best airports in the world along with Hong Kong International and Singapore International aiports.  Overall, Seoul was ranked as the ninth greatest city in the world! (Fifty years ago Seoul did not even have a single paved road and the city economy was practically non-existent.  Because of Seoul’s great transformation in such a short period of time, it is studied by “second and third world” Asian cities.)

Seoul’s skyscrapers are divided into many clusters, spread amongst the main businesses and residential districts. Most of the recent growth in Seoul’s skyline, however, has been of residential towers 50+ storeys high that are shooting up like blades of grass! There are 2865 completed high-rises (11 skyscrapers over 200 m tall) and much of the mid-rise to high-rise structures are lined up in a linear fashion, creating a “wall” of buildings like no other city on earth. Seoul’s Central Business District is cluster about cluster of buildings facing in every direction. Seoul is where the ancient Eastern world collides with the modern West. The tallest in the city is currently the 264 m, 73-story Tower Palace G (one of the tallest all residential skyscrapers in the world) in Dogok-dong.

The tallest buildings are concentrated in five different locations: the traditional city center at Jongno, the modern business and financial district in Gangnam along Teheran Road between Gangnam Station and the COEX complex, the financial and political center on the island of Yeouido, the affluent residential neighborhood of Dogok-dong, and Mok-Dong. Seoul is located in a valley surrounded by mountains with one mountain in the center, Namsan. On top of Namsan is the 237 m Namsan Tower (Seoul Tower) which is considered an iconic image of the city of Seoul and can be seen from almost anywhere in the city (tops out at 480 m above sea level.)

The city has the following tall skyscrapers either under construction or approved for construction: the 620 m KoRail Tower, 580 m International Business Center, 555 m Lotte Super Tower, 334 m Parc1 Tower A, and 300 m AIG Main Tower. Incheon, a suburb of Seoul, seems to be the next big development spot for South Korea with the 305 m Northeast Asia Trade Tower topped off, the 610 m Incheon Tower under construction, and the 614 m twin towers Songdo Incheon Towers approved for construction. With the completion of these towers Seoul would be home to many of the tallest skyscrapers in the world (trailing only the 818 m Burj Dubai and 632 m Shanghai Tower.)

Seoul

Seoul



Posted in Skyline | Leave a Comment »

Sydney Skyline – World Renown Harbor

Posted by Jae on January 30, 2009

Sydney Skyline

Sydney Skyline

Sydney, almost a 4.5 million metropolitan area, is Australia’s greatest city. Sydney provides approximately 25 percent of the country’s total GDP. The Australian Securities Exchange and the Reserve Bank of Australia are located in Sydney, as are the headquarters of 90 banks and more than half of Australia’s top companies, and the regional headquarters for around 500 multinational corporations. Of the ten largest corporations in Australia (based on revenue), four have headquarters in Sydney (Caltex Australia, the Commonwealth Bank, Westpac, and Woolworths). Sydney has the seventh largest percentage of a foreign born population in the world, ahead of cities such as the highly multicultural London and Paris but lower than the multicultural cities of Toronto and Miami.  Sydney’s iconic Opera House has five theatres capable of hosting a range of performance styles; it is the home of Opera Australia—the third busiest opera company in the world, and the Sydney Symphony. Sydney is home to some of Australia’s most prominent universities, and is the site of Australia’s first university, the University of Sydney (ranked 37th in the world in 2008), established in 1850.   Overall, Sydney was ranked as the 16th greatest city in the world!

Sydney is Australia’s showcase city, having one of the most recognizable skylines due to its world-famous harbor. The harbor is spanned by the monumental Harbor Bridge and the Opera House sits on the shoreline like a white flower. Sydney has 8 buildings over 200 m tall, the tallest being the 244 m Chiefly Tower (there is also the 309 m Sydney Tower but this structure is not considered a skyscraper.) The Sydney skyline is world-class with hundreds of skyscrapers in the central business district and many more high-rise buildings in the outlying neighborhoods.

A Night View

A Night View

Posted in Skyline | Leave a Comment »

Dubai Skyline – Fastest Growing Skyline

Posted by Jae on January 25, 2009

Dubai Skyline

Dubai Skyline

Dubai, with over 2 million residents in the metro area, is the greatest city of the United Arab Emirates. Contrary to popular belief, real estate and tourism is its big money maker (over oil).  Dubai is home to the world’s largest man-made harbor, 2nd largest man-made marina, tallest hotel, and tallest skyscraper in the world. Although Dubai has much splendor and a growing economy, I would not recommend anyone to move to this city due to its harsh economic laws (but visiting the city should be on everyone’s to-do list.)  Overall, Dubai was ranked as the 27th greatest city in the world!

Dubai, seemingly out of nowhere, emerges a city in the middle of a desert. Already home of the world’s tallest all-hotel building (Burj Al Arab), and the 2nd tallest all-residential building in the world (future tallest all-residential building, the 618 m Pentominium, is currently under construction), and currently is building the world’s tallest structure the 818 m Burj Dubai. It has 41 buildings that stand taller than 180 m. The tallest completed building in Dubai is the 68-storey Almas Tower, which rises 363 m. The skyscrapers of Dubai are, for the most part, clustered in two different locations. The land along Sheikh Zayed Road was the first to develop, followed by the Dubai Marina neighborhood. Dubai currently has 390 completed highrises, but that number will increase greatly in the near future. With 313 highrises currently under construction, and 445 approved highrises, Dubai’s skyline is rapidly growing. In addition, Dubai is expected to be the site of more buildings with 100 floors or more than any other city in the world by 2015 (taking that title from Chicago.) The largest and most famous construction project currently taking place in Dubai is the Burj Dubai, which began construction in 2004. It has surpassed the height of the 509 m Taipei 101, the current tallest building in the world, in July 2007. (However, as only completed structures are measured as “buildings”, Burj Dubai will not officially gain the title of tallest building in the world until its completion in 2009.) It became the tallest free-standing structure on land in the world in September 2007, surpassing the 553 m CN Tower. In April 2008, Burj Dubai became the tallest man-made structure in the world, surpassing the 629 m KVLY-TV mast in Blanchard, North Dakota, United States. On May 19, 2008 it surpassed the height of the now-destroyed Warsaw radio mast in Konstantynów, Gąbin, Poland, becoming the tallest man-made structure in history at 646 m. The proposed Nakheel Tower is another extremely tall development planned for construction in Dubai. It is set to rise at least 1,400 m height, thus would surpass the Burj Dubai to become the tallest structure in the world if constructed. Although there is a lot of hype around the city, experts agree it still lacks that certain mature socio-cultural infrastructure and a pattern to the skyline that gives a city that certain fingerprint. As a skyline it can’t compete with the top 5 skylines of the world (Hong Kong, New York City, Shanghai, Chicago, and Singapore), however the individual buildings in this city are by far the greatest examples of modern architectural accomplishments. Dubai is making a great effort to join the Big 4 club to create the Big 5! All 28 structures in this city over 200 m tall were built in 1999 or later – that’s how new this city is!

Burj Dubai Under Construction

Burj Dubai Under Construction

Posted in Skyline | Leave a Comment »

Frankfurt Skyline (fʁaŋkfʊɐt) – Europe’s Best Skyline

Posted by Jae on January 20, 2009

Frankfurt Skyline

Frankfurt Skyline

Frankfurt, home to almost 5.5 million in its metro area, is Germany’s 2nd most populous metropolitan area.  The three pillars of Frankfurt’s economy are finance, transport, and trade fairs. Frankfurt has been Germany’s financial centre for centuries (3rd greatest in Europe behind London and Paris), and it is the home of a number of major banks and brokerages. The Frankfurt Stock Exchange is by far Germany’s largest, and is one of the world’s most important. Frankfurt is also the seat of the European Central Bank which sets monetary policy for the Eurozone economy, and of the German Federal Bank. Over 300 national and international banks are represented including the headquarters of the major German banks.  Overall, Frankfurt was ranked as the 21st greatest city in the world!

Frankfurt has Europe‘s greatest skyline. Frankfurt is home to five structures that are over 200 m tall. These modern skyscrapers are marvels compared to those other, mostly non-existent ones scattered across other European cities. The tallest structure in Frankfurt is the Europaturm, which rises 331 m. (However, the observation tower is not generally considered a high-rise building as it does not have successive floors that can be occupied.) Therefore the tallest building in Frankfurt is the Commerzbank Tower, which rises 259 m; the tallest building in the European Union. (Nine of the ten tallest buildings in Germany are located in Frankfurt.) Frankfurt is one of the few European cities with a large cluster of high rise building in its downtown area; in many other European cities, skyscraper construction has not been well received in the past due to the historical value of existing buildings. For this reason, Frankfurt is sometimes referred to as “Mainhattan” (a portmanteau of the river Main and Manhattan), and Chicago am Main. As of June 2008, there are 276 completed high-rises in the city. Frankfurt has three major proposals to build large skyscrapers within the next five years. The tallest of these proposals is Millennium Tower, which, if constructed, would become the new tallest building in the city, country, and in Europe outside of Moscow at 369 m. As of July 2008, there are 85 high-rise buildings under construction, approved for construction and proposed for construction in Frankfurt.

Night View

Night View

Posted in Skyline | Leave a Comment »

Kuala Lumpur Skyline – Home to the World’s Tallest Twin Towers

Posted by Jae on January 15, 2009

Kuala Lumpur Skyline

Kuala Lumpur Skyline

Kuala Lumpur, with a metropolitan population of over 7 million, is Malaysia’s greatest city. The city is a center for finance, insurance, real estate, media and the arts of Malaysia.  Kuala Lumpur is poised to become the global Islamic Financing hub with an increasing presence of the Gulf’s financial institutions such as the world’s largest Islamic bank, Al-Rajhi Bank and Kuwait Finance House.  Overall, Kuala Lumpur was ranked as the 40th greatest city in the world!

A Night Shot

A Night Shot

Marvelous modern buildings reach the sky here, and while the skyline is not dense, this lack of density allows buildings to soar and “scrape the sky”. Kuala Lumpur has 10 structures standing over 200 m tall and is home to the tallest twin buildings in the world, the 452 m Petronas Towers as well as the peaking 420 m Menara Kuala Lumpur Tower. Along with Singapore and Bangkok, this city is part of the Southeast Asian economic triumvirate.

World's Tallest Twin Towers

Posted in Skyline | Leave a Comment »

Miami Skyline – City of Magic

Posted by Jae on January 10, 2009

Miami Skyline

Miami Skyline

Aventura (Suburb of Miami)

Aventura (suburb of Miami)

Miami Beach (suburb of Miami)

Miami Beach (suburb of Miami)

Sunny Isles Beach (suburb of Miami)

Sunny Isles Beach (suburb of Miami)

Miami, the center of a 5.4 million metropolitan area and home to the largest concentration of international banks in the United States, largest volume of cruise ships in the world, and the National Hurricane Center, has 4 distinct skylines in its area (the expansive Downton/Brickell skyline which is filled with financial centers or condo/hotel skyscrapers, the residential or resort skyscrapers of Miami Beach, the newer skyscrapers of Sunny Isles Beach, and the mostly residential skyscrapers of Aventura.)  Due to its proximity to Central and South America, Miami serves as the North American headquarters for almost all Latin American operations in the USA and Canada.  (Unfortunately, Miami is also one of the poorest cities in the USA with having the 3rd highest incidence of family incomes below the federal poverty line and one of the very few cities in the USA where its local government went bankrupt in 2001.  But thankfully, Miami was ranked as the 3rd richest city in the USA by 2008.)  Overall, Miami was ranked as the 32nd greatest city in the world!

Miami is home to the 70-story Four Seasons Hotel Miami (tallest in Florida), which rises 240 m in the city’s Brickell district. Miami is currently going through its largest building boom in the city’s history. In what is being dubbed a “Manhattanization wave”, there are currently nearly 60 structures proposed, approved, or under construction in the city. The city is the site of 27 completed skyscrapers over 152 m tall, with 6 more under construction. By 2010, Miami is expected to have one of the largest skylines in the world (3rd in the USA.) The two tallest developments currently taking place in Miami are One Bayfront Plaza and the Empire World Towers I & II. One Bayfront Plaza is a 320 m recently approved super tall skyscraper, scheduled to be completed in 2015 (this would rise higher than the Bank of America Plaza in Atlanta to become the tallest skyscraper in the United States outside of New York City/Chicago.) The Empire World Towers I & II are two twin towers proposed for construction to rise 312 m in height and would become the tallest twin towers in the United States.

Aerial View of Miami

Aerial View of Miami

Posted in Skyline | 4 Comments »

Chicago Skyline – Birthplace of the Skyscraper

Posted by Jae on January 7, 2009

Chicago, center of a 9.5 million metropolitan area and home to the second busiest airport in the world (O`Hare International Airport), is the birthplace of the skyscraper. Chicago has the fourth largest gross metropolitan product in the world (behind Tokyo, New York City, and Los Angeles) and the second largest business district in the Western Hemisphere (after New York City.)  Chicago is home to the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Chicago Stock Exchange, the Chicago Board Options Exchange, the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, Chicago Board of Trade, Baxter International, Abbott Laboratories, 17 Fortune Global 500 companies, McCormick Place (the world’s 3rd largest convention center), the world’s largest urban health care district, and almost all the major USA health-care related organizations (like American Medical Association, American Dental Association, American College of Surgeons, American Hospital Association and many others.)  No other city on earth can match the splendor and possibilities of Chicago with the cost of living of Chicago.  Overall, Chicago was ranked as the 8th greatest city in the world!

When Chicago built its first steel high-rise in 1885 (Home Insurance Building), it was not the tallest structure in the world (42 m later expanded to 55 m then demolished in 1931) but the first example of a new form of engineering that would change nearly every city on earth. Today, Chicago has 20 buildings over 200 m tall (three of which are among the top 20 tallest buildings in the world, including the tallest in North America- the Sears Tower). The Sears Tower has the most floors of any completed building in the world, and stands as the world’s tallest completed skyscraper when measuring to pinnacle height; rising 527 m with the addition of its western antenna (official height is 442 m.) In addition, Chicago has the distinction of being the only city in the world with more than one completed building containing at least 100 floors. Chicago is the site of 91 completed skyscrapers with 16 more under construction. At the end of 2008, there were 1,074 completed high-rises in the city, second in the country behind New York City.

Chicago has three buildings under construction that are planned to exceed 304.8 m (1000 feet) in height: the 610 m Chicago Spire, the recently completed 415 m Trump International Hotel & Tower, and the 319 m Waterview Tower. The 150-story Chicago Spire, upon its completion in 2012 (although this is questionable since construction is now suspended), would become the tallest skyscraper (tallest structure as well since it will surpass the CN Tower in Toronto) in the Western Hemisphere. The tower would also stand as the second tallest all-residential skyscraper in the world (tallest will be the under construction 618 m Pentominium in Dubai), surpassing the 323 m Q1 in Gold Coast, Australia. There are also several buildings proposed for construction in the city, the largest being the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel and Residence Tower, which would rise 386 m and 107 floors upon its completion in 2012. As of June 2008, there were 160 high-rise buildings under construction, approved for construction, and proposed for construction in Chicago. Chicago is definitely a member of the “Big 4” skylines of the world; some even put it at number one (which would be hard to argue against!)

Another View

Another View

chicago_skyline

Chicago Skyline

Posted in Skyline | Leave a Comment »