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The New World Trade Center Complex in Lower Manhattan

Posted by Jae on May 8, 2011

Future of where the twin towers stood.

Progress on the construction of the redesigned site is as follows:

  • 1 World Trade Center – Construction began in April 2006; two years later, tower-foundation steel columns, concrete, and rebar had been installed. In 2006, the Port Authority took over from Silverstein Properties as the project’s developer. Tishman Construction Corporation is the construction manager. The estimated completion date is 2013.
  • 2 World Trade Center – Groundbreaking in July 2008.
  • 3 World Trade Center – Groundbreaking in March 2008. In April 2008, excavation and preparations for foundation work took place.
  • 4 World Trade Center – Construction began in 2008.
  • 5 World Trade Center – Construction began on January 1, 2009. The Port Authority acts as the building’s developer.
  • 7 World Trade Center – Off of Port Authority land, the tower opened on May 23, 2006 and achieved LEED gold status.
  • National September 11 Memorial & Museum – Under construction. The Memorial will include a Museum and two square pools where the Twin Towers formerly stood. The Memorial is on schedule for a September 11, 2011 opening, coinciding with the 10th anniversary of the attacks.
  • Performing Arts Center

1 World Trade Center

https://superjchung.wordpress.com/2009/06/23/1-world-trade-center-the-future-tallest-skyscraper-in-new-york-city/

2 World Trade Center

Two World Trade Center is a skyscraper under construction as part of the new World Trade Center at 200 Greenwich Street in New York City. When completed, the tower will be located where the former 5 World Trade Center building was located, on the east side of Greenwich Street, across the street from the original location of the Twin Towers that were destroyed during the September 11 attacks. This tower will be the last to be built.

The 79-story building was designed by Foster and Partners, London. The building will have a height of 387 m, with a tripod-shaped antenna that allows the building to reach a total height of 411 m. In comparison, the Empire State Building’s roof at the 102nd floor is 381 m tall, and its antenna is 448 m, and the original 2 World Trade Center (often referred to as the “South Tower”) was 415 m.

When constructed, the tower will be the second–tallest skyscraper on the World Trade Center site and the third–tallest in New York City, following One World Trade Center and the Empire State Building. The sloping roof consisting of four diamonds inclined toward the memorial will provide a visual marker around the skyline of just where the original towers were. The tower is designed to resemble a diamond, with cross bracing intersects and indentations breaking up the sides. The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey said the following about 200 Greenwich Street’s wedged rooftop: “Designed by Lord Norman Foster, the tower incorporates WTC master planner Daniel Libeskind’s ‘wedge of light’ concept, and will cast no shadow on the memorial park on September 11.”

3 World Trade Center

Three World Trade Center is a skyscraper to become part of the World Trade Center reconstruction in New York City. The office building, which resembles the John Hancock Center in Chicago, will be on the east side of Greenwich Street, across the street from the original location of the Twin Towers that were destroyed during the September 11 attacks. Pritzker Prize-winning architect Lord Richard Rogers (Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners) was awarded the contract to design the building, which will be 352 m in structural height with a pinnacle height of 378 m.

4 World Trade Center

Four World Trade Center is a skyscraper under construction as part of the new World Trade Center in New York City at 150 Greenwich Street on the east side of Greenwich Street, across from the original location of the Twin Towers that were destroyed during the September 11, 2001 attacks. Pritzker Prize-winning architect Fumihiko Maki was awarded the contract to design the building, which will be 297 m tall. The building’s groundbreaking took place in January 2008, and it is scheduled to be completed by 2012. The structural engineer for the building is Leslie E. Robertson Associates, New York City.  As of April 2011, only it and One World Trade Center (the 7 WTC is already totally completed) have progressed to the point where the construction is visible above ground level.

5 World Trade Center

Five World Trade Center,also referred to by its street address, 130 Liberty Street, is a new World Trade Center building to be located in New York City. It will be located on Site 5 of the new World Trade Center complex (former Deutsche Bank Building), but not exactly on the main plot of land as the other four buildings.  Originally, it was designed to be a 42 story building to rise about 226 m, but currently this tower’s plan is in “limbo”.

7 World Trade Center (the only one currently completed and opened for business)

The new 7 World Trade Center has 52 stories and is 226 m tall.  The first ten floors house an electrical substation, which provides power to much of Lower Manhattan. The office tower has a narrower footprint at ground level than its predecessor so the course of Greenwich Street could be restored to reunite TriBeCa and the Financial District.

David Childs of Skidmore, Owings and Merrill worked in conjunction with glass artist and designer James Carpenter to create a design that uses ultra-clear, low-iron glass to provide reflectivity and light, with stainless-steel spandrels behind the glass to help reflect sunlight. Stainless steel used in the building façade is molybdenum-containing Type 316, which provides improved resistance to corrosion. To enclose the power substation and improve its aesthetics, the base of the building has a curtain wall with stainless steel louvers that provide ventilation for the machinery. During the day, the curtain wall reflects light, while at night it is illuminated with blue LED lights. The curtain wall around the lobby uses heavily laminated, heat-strengthened glass that meets high standards for blast resistance. At night, a large cube of light above the lobby also emanates blue light, while during the day it provides white light to the lobby, and at dusk it transitions to violet and back to blue.  Inside the main lobby, artist Jenny Holzer created a large light installation with glowing text moving across wide plastic panels. The entire wall, which is 20 m wide and 4 m tall, changes color according to the time of day.

Nearly 30 percent of structural steel used in the building consists of recycled steel. Rainwater is collected and used for irrigation of the park and to cool the building. Along with other sustainable design features, the building is designed to allow in plenty of natural light, power is metered to tenants to encourage them to conserve energy, the heating steam is reused to generate some power for the building, and recycled materials are used for insulation and interior materials.

National September 11 Memorial & Museum:

In August 2006, the World Trade Center Memorial Foundation and the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey began heavy construction on the National September 11 Memorial & Museum. The Memorial will be located at the World Trade Center site, on the former location of the Twin Towers destroyed during the September 11 attacks in 2001. The World Trade Center Memorial Foundation was renamed the National September 11 Memorial & Museum at the World Trade Center in 2007. The winner of the World Trade Center Site Memorial Competition was Israeli-American architect Michael Arad of Handel Architects, a New York and San Francisco-based firm. Arad worked with landscape architecture firm Peter Walker and Partners on the design which calls for a forest of trees with two square pools in the center, where the Twin Towers once stood.

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15 Penn Plaza – Rival of the Empire State Building

Posted by Jae on August 27, 2010

15 Penn Plaza

15 Penn Plaza, also known as the Vornado Tower, is an approved 371 m, 67-story tower in Midtown Manhattan planned to be completed by 2014.  Although just 67 stories tall, it would be just 10 meters lower than the 79-year-old Empire State Building, the city’s tallest skyscraper following the collapse of the World Trade Center that is only 270 m away.

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1 World Trade Center – the Future Tallest Skyscraper in New York City

Posted by Jae on June 23, 2009

1 World Trade Center

1 World Trade Center

1 World Trade Center, formerly known as the Freedom Tower, is the main building of the new World Trade Center under construction in Lower Manhattan in New York City, USA.  The tower is suppose to be 417 m to the roof of the building (about the same height as the former World Trade Center Twin Towers) and 541.3 m tall to the tip.

1 World Trade Center’s program includes office space, an observation deck, world-class restaurants, parking, and broadcast and antenna facilities, all supported by both above and below-ground mechanical infrastructure for the building and its adjacent public spaces. Below-ground tenant parking and storage, shopping and access to the PATH and subway trains and the World Financial Center are also provided.

A 24 m public lobby topped by a series of mechanical floors form a 61 m building base. 69 tenant floors rise above the base to 341 m elevation. Mechanical floors, two floors to be occupied by the Metropolitan Television Alliance, restaurants and observation decks culminate in an observation deck and glass parapet that mark 415 m and 417 m respectively — the heights of the original Twin Towers. A shrouded antenna structure supported by cables rises to a total height of 541 m (1776 ft), which is symbolic of the year the United States Declaration of Independence was signed (July 4, 1776).  The World Trade Center’s South Tower had an outdoor rooftop observation deck at 420 m and another indoor observation deck at 399 m. 1 World Trade Center’s indoor observation deck, at a height of 386 m, will not be as high as either of the observation decks destroyed in the South Tower.

The following is a breakdown of floors as noted by SkyscraperPage.com:

  • 1-19 – tower base (including 80 ft (24 m) tall lobby and 3 mechanical floors)
  • 20-63 – offices
  • 64 – skylobby
  • 65-88 – offices
  • 89-99 – mechanical floors
  • 100-102 – observation deck and other public facilities to be announced
  • 103-108 – mechanical floors

Note that these official designations may not correspond to actual floor levels (in particular at the base).

The building is projected to be ready for occupancy at some point in 2013.  If it will take the title from the Sears Tower as the tallest skyscraper in the Americas will depend on the official height of the skyscraper.

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GE Building – Best View of New York City

Posted by Jae on April 22, 2009

GE Building

GE Building

The GE Building is a 259 m, 70 storey, Art Deco skyscraper that forms the centerpiece of Rockefeller Center in Midtown Manhattan. Known as the RCA Building until 1988, it is famous for housing the headquarters of the television network NBC. The building is sometimes referred to as 30 Rock, a reference to its address at 30 Rockefeller Plaza.

The GE Building is one of the most famous and recognized skyscrapers in New York City. Unlike most other tall Art Deco buildings constructed in the 1930s, the GE Building has no spire on its roof (allowing visitors to go to the absolute top of the building for a spectacular view of all five boroughs of New York City.)

The observation deck atop the skyscraper, dubbed “Top of the Rock”, reopened to the public on November 1, 2005 (it had been closed since 1986), after undergoing a $75 million renovation. The deck, which is built to resemble the deck of an ocean liner, offers sightseers a bird’s eye view of the city, competing with the 86th floor observatory of the Empire State Building.

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Trump World Tower – Tallest Full Residential Skyscraper in USA

Posted by Jae on April 22, 2009

Trump World Tower

Trump World Tower

Trump World Tower is a 72 floor, 264 m full-residential skyscraper in Manhattan, New York City.  The resulting large windows allow for extensive views of the East River and midtown Manhattan. It was the tallest all-residential tower in the world briefly, prior to the completion of the 21st Century Tower in Dubai (2003) and Samsung Tower Palace G in Seoul (2004).

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Citigroup Center – the Angled NYC Skyscraper

Posted by Jae on April 22, 2009

Citigroup Center

Citigroup Center

The Citigroup Center (formerly Citicorp Center) is a 279 m, 59 floor skyscraper in New York City, United States, located at 53rd Street between Lexington Avenue and Third Avenue in midtown Manhattan. This building is one of the most distinctive and imposing in New York City’s skyline, with a 45° angled top and a unique stilt-style base.  It is the tallest building that bears the Citigroup name.

To help stabilize the building, a tuned mass damper was placed in the mechanical space at its top.  The damper is designed to counteract swaying motions due to the effect of wind on the building and reduces the building’s movement due to wind by as much as 50%. Citigroup Center was the first skyscraper in the United States to feature a tuned mass damper. The building also features double-deck elevators, which are separated to serve only odd or even floors.  The corporate headquarters of Citigroup are not located in the building, but across the street in 399 Park Avenue.

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40 Wall Street – Held Title for World’s Tallest Skyscraper

Posted by Jae on April 19, 2009

40 Wall Street

40 Wall Street

40 Wall Street is a 70-story, 283 m, 1930 completed skyscraper originally known as the Bank of Manhattan Trust building, (but then became known by the numerical address when its founding tenant merged with the Chase National Bank to form the Chase Manhattan Bank.)  The building, located between Nassau Street and William Street in Manhattan, New York City, was completed in 1930 after only 11 months of construction. Its pinnacle reaches 282.5 m and was very briefly the tallest building in the world, soon surpassed by the Chrysler Building finished that same year.  In 1995, after years of neglect, 40 Wall Street was bought by Donald Trump and later renamed it to The Trump Building.


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American International Building – Tallest Skyscraper in Lower Manhattan

Posted by Jae on April 5, 2009

American International Building

American International Building

This is a 1932 completed, 66 story, 290 m skyscraper located in lower manhattan.  Upon its completion, it was the 3rd tallest building in the world (behind Empire State Building and the Chrysler Building.)  It was the tallest building in lower manhattan until the completion of the World Trade Center Twin Towers and have regained that status upon the twin towers destruction on September 11, 2001.

The building features an open air platform with an enclosed glass observatory above it on the 66th Floor, offering a view of downtown. This observatory, which was once public, is now accessible only to executives and employees of AIG.

An interesting useless fact is that the building appears at the end of the movie Spiderman. However, it is depicted as being located in midtown manhattan instead of lower manhattan.

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The New York Times Building

Posted by Jae on April 5, 2009

The New York Times Tower

The New York Times Tower

This is a 2007 completed, 52 floor, 319 m skyscraper in New York City.  The chief tenant is The New York Times Company, publisher of the The New York Times, The Boston Globe, and the International Herald Tribune.  Officially it is tied in height with the Chrysler Building (even though the Chrysler Building has many more floors and is clearly the more impressive skyscraper.)

The design incorporates many features for increased energy efficiency. The curtain wall maximizes natural light within the building while the ceramic-rod screen helps block direct sunlight and reduce cooling loads. Mechanized shades controlled by sensors reduce glare, while more than 18,000 individually-dimmable fluorescent fixtures supplement natural light, providing a real energy savings of 30 percent.

A natural gas plant provides 40 percent of the electrical power to the New York Times space within the building, with the waste heat used for heating and cooling. Floors occupied by the New York Times utilize a raised floor system which allows for underfloor air distribution, which requires less cooling than a conventional ducted system. The building also incorporated free-air cooling, bringing in outside air when it is cooler than the interior space, which saves additional energy. In excess of 95% of the structural steel was recycled.

The building, like many in midtown Manhattan, has no on-site parking, with most employees arriving by public transit. Since December 2007, building management has provided an indoor parking area for 20 bicycles.

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Chrysler Building – World’s Tallest Brick Skyscraper

Posted by Jae on February 4, 2009

Chrysler Building

Chrysler Building

The Chrysler Building is a 319 m, 77 floor,  Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, located on the east side of Manhattan in the Turtle Bay area at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue. Standing at 319 m it was the world’s tallest building for 11 months before it was surpassed by the Empire State Building in 1931. However, the Chrysler Building remains the world’s tallest brick building. Also it was the first man-made structure to stand taller than 1,000 feet (305 m).

The Chrysler Building is considered a masterpiece of Art Deco architecture. The distinctive ornamentation of the building is based on features that were being used on Chrysler automobiles at the time.  The corners of the 61st floor are graced with eagles, replicas of the 1929 Chrysler hood ornaments; on the 31st floor, the corner ornamentation are replicas of the 1929 Chrysler radiator caps.  The Chrysler Building is also well renowned and recognized for its terraced crown. Composed of seven radiating terraced arches, the design of the crown is a cruciform groin vault constructed into seven concentric members with transitioning set-backs, mounted up one behind each other.

This is my favorite skyscraper in New York City and my favorite “classical” style skyscraper in the world. It is absolutely breath-takingly beautiful at night!

Chrysler Building

A Different View

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