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Archive for June, 2009

1 World Trade Center – the Future Tallest Skyscraper in New York City

Posted by Jae on June 23, 2009

1 World Trade Center

1 World Trade Center

1 World Trade Center, formerly known as the Freedom Tower, is the main building of the new World Trade Center under construction in Lower Manhattan in New York City, USA.  The tower is suppose to be 417 m to the roof of the building (about the same height as the former World Trade Center Twin Towers) and 541.3 m tall to the tip.

1 World Trade Center’s program includes office space, an observation deck, world-class restaurants, parking, and broadcast and antenna facilities, all supported by both above and below-ground mechanical infrastructure for the building and its adjacent public spaces. Below-ground tenant parking and storage, shopping and access to the PATH and subway trains and the World Financial Center are also provided.

A 24 m public lobby topped by a series of mechanical floors form a 61 m building base. 69 tenant floors rise above the base to 341 m elevation. Mechanical floors, two floors to be occupied by the Metropolitan Television Alliance, restaurants and observation decks culminate in an observation deck and glass parapet that mark 415 m and 417 m respectively — the heights of the original Twin Towers. A shrouded antenna structure supported by cables rises to a total height of 541 m (1776 ft), which is symbolic of the year the United States Declaration of Independence was signed (July 4, 1776).  The World Trade Center’s South Tower had an outdoor rooftop observation deck at 420 m and another indoor observation deck at 399 m. 1 World Trade Center’s indoor observation deck, at a height of 386 m, will not be as high as either of the observation decks destroyed in the South Tower.

The following is a breakdown of floors as noted by

  • 1-19 – tower base (including 80 ft (24 m) tall lobby and 3 mechanical floors)
  • 20-63 – offices
  • 64 – skylobby
  • 65-88 – offices
  • 89-99 – mechanical floors
  • 100-102 – observation deck and other public facilities to be announced
  • 103-108 – mechanical floors

Note that these official designations may not correspond to actual floor levels (in particular at the base).

The building is projected to be ready for occupancy at some point in 2013.  If it will take the title from the Sears Tower as the tallest skyscraper in the Americas will depend on the official height of the skyscraper.


Posted in New York City Skyscraper, Skyscraper | 7 Comments »

Federation Tower – the Future Tallest Skyscraper in Europe

Posted by Jae on June 18, 2009

Federation Tower

Federation Tower

The Federation Tower (Russian: Башня «Федерация») is a skyscraper currently under construction as part of the Moscow International Business Center in Moscow, Russia. When completed in 2010 (or maybe even later, initially it was suppose to be done by 2009), it will become the tallest building in Europe. The complex will be two towers connected to one another via a high-rise bridge.  The East Tower is designed to have 93 floors and the tip is suppose to reach about 506 m (roof height of about 360 m.)  The West Tower is designed to be 62 floors and 242 m tall.  The spire (which is slated to be the longest spire in the world) will have a 360° view out its elevators (the world’s highest glass elevators) which will move as quickly as 18 m/s.

Posted in Skyscraper | 6 Comments »

International Commerce Center – the Future King of Hong Kong

Posted by Jae on June 9, 2009

International Commerce Center

International Commerce Center

The International Commerce Centre (traditional Chinese: 環球貿易廣場), abbr. ICC Tower, is a 118 floor, 484 m skyscraper under construction in West Kowloon, Hong Kong; as part of the Union Square project built on top of Kowloon Station.   The height has been scaled back from earlier plans due to regulations that didn’t allow buildings to be taller than the surrounding mountains. The original proposal for this building was called Kowloon Station Phase 7 and it was designed to be 574 m tall.  Even with the height reduction, it will still clearly rise over the current tallest in Hong Kong, 2 International Finance Centre.

Its formal development name is Union Square Phase 7 and the name International Commerce Centre was officially announced in 2005. Upon completion by 2010, the skyscraper will become Hong Kong’s tallest building and will have the third highest roof in the world, after the Burj Dubai and the Shanghai World Financial Centre.

A five-star hotel operated by Ritz-Carlton will occupy the top 15 floors of the tower. The hotel’s lobby will be 425 m above the ground, becoming the highest hotel in the world surpassing that of the Park Hyatt in the Shanghai World Financial Centre.

A viewing deck on the 100th floor will be opened to the public when the building opens in 2010.

Posted in Hong Kong Skyscraper, Skyscraper | 1 Comment »

Chicago Spire – the Future Tallest Skyscraper in the Western Hemisphere

Posted by Jae on June 8, 2009

Chicago Spire

Chicago Spire

The Chicago Spire is a proposed supertall skyscraper in Chicago. Construction work began in 2007 but was put on hold in 2008 (due to USA’s mortgage crisis) before any of the above ground structure had been built.  When completed, at 610 m and with 150 floors, it will be among the world’s tallest buildings and freestanding structures (tallest free standing structure in the Western Hemisphere.) The skyscraper is being constructed along Chicago’s lake front west of Navy Pier, located northeast of Chicago’s Loop, in the Streeterville neighborhood of the Near North Side community area.

For the design of the building, the structure is like an imaginary smoke spiral coming from a campfire near the Chicago River lit by Native Americans indigenous to the area.

Standing at 609.6 m (2000 ft), the Chicago Spire will further transform the always-changing Chicago skyline. Plans for the tower include 1,193 condominiums with each of the building’s 150 stories rotating 2.4 degrees from the one below for a total 360 degree rotation. In February 2008, prices for the condominiums were announced as ranging from $750,000 to $40 million USD. Similar to the Sears Tower and John Hancock Center skydecks, the Chicago Spire will house a community room at the top floor offering residents a view of four states. Currently this full-residential skyscraper is scheduled to be completed by 2012 (although it has been placed on hold indefinately which most likely means that it will never be completed.)

Posted in Chicago Skyscraper, Skyscraper | 2 Comments »

Shanghai Tower – the Pinnacle of Shanghai

Posted by Jae on June 8, 2009

Shanghai Tower

Shanghai Tower

The Shanghai Tower (Chinese: 上海中心) is a super tall skyscraper under construction in the Pudong District of Shanghai. Upon completion, the building will rise approximately 632 m, have 128 stories, and contain an area of 380,000 sq meters.  It will be the tallest building in China (including Hong Kong), and one of the tallest in the world (2nd tallest only behind the Burj Dubai as of today.)

Planning models for the Lujiazui financial district dating back to 1993 show plans for three supertall skyscrapers all next to each other. Two have already been built; the Jin Mao Tower (the one in the center and rear of the photo) was completed in 1998, and the Shanghai World Financial Center (the one on the right of the photo) in 2008.

The tower will be organized as nine cylindrical buildings stacked atop each other, enclosed by the glass façade’s inner layer. Between that and the outer layer, which twists as it rises, nine indoor gardens at different levels will provide public space for Shanghai residents. Both layers of the façade will be transparent, and spaces will be provided at the tower’s base. The tower will feature the world’s highest non-enclosed observation deck. The design of the glass façade is described to be able to reduce wind loads on the building by 24%, meaning less construction materials are needed, and the twisting feature will collect rainwater to be used for the tower’s air conditioning and heating systems. Wind turbines will generate power for the building. It will be the first super-tall (300 meters or taller) double-skin building in the world, acting much like a “thermos bottle,”  to insulate it and save energy. The building was originally planned to be completed by 2010, in time for the 2010 World Expo, but is now expected to be finished by 2014.

Posted in Shanghai Skyscraper, Skyscraper | Leave a Comment »